Structure, numbers, and focus of the National Recovery and Resilience Plan

10 June 2022

1 minuto

The National Recovery and Resilience Plan (NRRP) was first proposed in January 2021 under Giuseppe Conte’s second government before being revised and implemented by Mario Draghi’s government. The Plan originated from the Next Generation EU, a substantial program of investments and reforms for European Union member countries that began during the pandemic. Through this program, member states must present a package of investments and reforms funded by non-repayable grants and loans.

The NRRP consists of three transversal priorities and six missions, which are further divided into components. The priorities are new generations, gender equality and the reduction of the citizenship gap. Meanwhile, the Missions are as follows:

  • Mission 1: Digitalization, innovation, competitiveness, culture, and tourism
  • Mission 2: Green revolution and ecological transition
  • Mission 3: Infrastructure for sustainable mobility
  • Mission 4: Education and research
  • Mission 5: Cohesion and inclusion
  • Mission 6: Health

Monitoring of the implementation of these missions can be found on the government-created website Italia Domani ( The documents section includes texts and tables included to understand activities and deadlines of the NRRP.

However, the document outlining goals, objectives, and deadlines for monitoring implementation of the NRRP was replaced on October 10, 2021, with less information. For example, the “Data source/Methodology” and “Responsibility for reporting and implementation” sections were missing, which may indicate the decrease in attention the NRRP is being given by the Government. Moreover, the “Hypothesis/Risks” column mentions Parliament 39 times as a potential harbinger of “complexity and uncertainty” to implementation. Yet, meeting qualitative Milestones and quantitative Targets is still essential for receiving the half-yearly payment installments from the European Union, so attention must still be given to the NRRP.

Most of these goals pertain to Mission 1, largely focusing on digitization, innovation, and safety. The Ministry of Technological Innovation and Digital Transition has a direct role in 20 Milestones of Mission 1. The large attention to digitization suggests that the Government has a strong desire to progress technological innovation in Italy. Though the NRRP may be receiving less attention than at its start, the need to receive those half-yearly payment installments provide assurance that the NRRP will continue to spark transitions to digitization within the country.